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B. Passives – Subject Form

New pattern/State pattern:

S-Block

Action Block Property Block

Actional Block

BE

ING-AF

AcnL of Time

I

AM

BORING.

(whenever I speak)

I

AM

BORING.

(because of my present activity)

TENNIS

IS

TIRING.

(if you play it)

SHE

WAS

AMUSING.

(at the party)

S-Block Action Block Receiving Block

Actional Block

I

bore

you.

(whenever I speak)

I

am boring

you.

(now)

TENNIS

tires

tennis players.

(whenever they play)

SHE

amused

us.

(at the party)

Exercise: B.1. Contrast Have and ING-AF in the Property Block Position

Assign properties to objects written

italic

. For example:

Her reaction

shocked John.

HER REACTION WAS SHOCKING.

Mr. Black broke

the dish

.

THE DISH WAS BROKEN.

1.

Mr. Black

bores us with his manner of speaking.

2. Mary got a new dress. The dress pleased

Mary

.

3. The child had some candy. The candy satisfied

the child

.

4. My friend is watching the children.

The children

amuse him.

5. Mr. Black is laughing. Something amuses

Mr. Black

.

6. Mrs. Black is lovely.

Mrs. Black

charms us.

7. It was an intelligent answer.

The answer

surprised us.

8.

Mathematics

challenges our intellectual abilities.