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E. BEFORE, UNTIL & AFTER

Previous patterns:

He arrived YESTERDAY.

He arrived WHEN THE COURSE BEGAN.

He arrived WHILE WE WERE SLEEPING.

New pattern: Time Particle + Object expression:

S

A-Block

Actional Block

Actional of Time

John

arrived

BEFORE

BREAKFAST.

He

stayed

UNTIL

SEVEN O’CLOCK CLASS.

He

left

AFTER

DINNER.

Time Particle

Object-Expression

New pattern: Time Particle + Statement:

S

A-Block

Actional Block

Actional of Time

He

arrived

BEFORE

THE COURSE BEGAN.

He

stayed

UNTIL

WE WASHED THE DISHES.

He

left

AFTER

WE ATE DINNER.

Time Particle

Statement

Exercise: E.1. Practice BEFORE, UNTIL & AFTER

Invert Main Statement Body (MSB) and Actional of Time . For example:

Before he went downtown, John ate supper.

JOHN ATE SUPPER BEFORE HE WENT DOWNTOWN.

Until he ate a sandwich, John was very hungry.

JOHN WAS VERY HUNGRY UNTIL HE ATE A SANDWICH.

1. Before he went to New York, Mr. Smith bought an umbrella.

2. After breakfast, Mr. Smith went to work.

3. Before lunch, John sent an e-mail to his parents.

4. After she ate lunch, Mary went to the museum.

5. Before dinner, John watched television.

6. Until it got dark, John and Paul played tennis.

7. After they heard the weather report, they left Mauritius.

8. Until he was ten years old, John lived in a small town.

9. After it saw a cat, the dog made a lot of noise.